ELECTION STALEMATE OF 1876-77
Despite Samuel J. Tilden (D-NY)'s nearly 300,000 vote plurality,
the Election of 1876 deadlocked when three southern states - Florida,
South Carolina and Louisiana (20 electoral votes) — were contested in
close votes by Republican supporters of Rutherford B. Hayes (R-OH).
After months of stalemate, an Electoral Commission, appointed by the
U.S. Congress tilted the result to Hayes generating a political crisis
in late February 1877. The "Wormley" conference/s,
which quietly convened key allies of Tilden and Hayes at Wormley's
Hotel on February 26, concluded a "bargain" which had the
effect of ratifying Hayes as President-Elect only several days before
the end of the Ulysses Grant Administration.