The interlinked futures of world food and energy production - and their affect on international economic and political relations - underscore a key challenge. Against a backdrop of recent energy price increases and growing economic disparities between "have" and "have not" nations, positive initiatives appear dwarfed, even futile. However, without new dialogue channels and result-oriented programs geared toward enhanced public-private sector cooperation, countries will be unable to solve their interrelated food-fuel problems; and, without solving both, the path ahead could rapidly deteriorate into economic chaos.

EARLY LEADERSHIP -- AER chairman U.S. Senator Jennings Randolph (left) of West Virginia with The Hon. Eugene F. Whelan (Canadian Minister of Agriculture) and The Rt. Hon. Harry Walston of the British House of Lords in Geneva (May 1987).

The Agri-Energy Roundtable (AER) is a nonprofit and nongovernmental organization accredited by the United Nations and established in1980 for the purpose of encouraging dialogue on cooperative energy and agricultural development between industrialized  and developing nations. A major focus of AER's agenda highlights the intersection of food and energy systems (i.e., energy and its influence on all phases of agricultural development, food processing and distribution). The Roundtable attracts attention to agriculture's critical importance in healthy economic development, particularly with respect to the energy-surplus countries where food security is a public policy objective. As a corollary in its outreach efforts, AER also encourages the positive contribution of private enterprise in this process.

People often assume "agri-energy" means biomass or alcohol fuel derived from food sources. Although important, this is only a marginal overlap within the AER concept. The basic program components underscore the tightly interwoven nature of food and energy issues. No businessman or government leader can afford to ignore these relationships in charting a positive course for the future.

The complimentary components are:

(1) Food-Energy Relations: Food and Energy Countries
With their ambitious efforts to boost agricultural output and achieve food security, the "energy-surplus" countries seek stronger trade and technology exchange with Western "food-surplus" countries. These partnerships must succeed if balanced world food and energy security is to be assured. AER programs place special emphasis on building a dialogue bridge between these countries and their public and private sector leaders.

(2) Corporate Relations and Communications
International companies, at all junctures of the food and energy chins, sense the urgent need for greater cross-sectional communication and action. There is more appreciation for non-traditional approaches, for useful interaction between food and energy companies as partners in a search for secure sources and supply and technology at reasonable prices. Reflecting these new match-ups, AER programs highlight positive contributions of international companies in food-energy development, particularly Third World countries.

(3) Food-Energy Nexus: Exploring Interrelationships
Agriculture as a process converts certain energy forms (i.e., solar or petroleum) into an energy usable by the human machine: food. Modern food production - whatever the specific mix of technologies - remains highly energy-intensive. Clearly, energy pricing affects agriculture and the world's ability to produce, distribute and cook food. By exploring alternate energy sources and energy conservation techniques, AER programs advance not only on the energy front, but also on the food front.

(4) Future Food-Energy Equation: Research and Development
Agriculture is an important ingredient in the production of energy. Biomass fuels (derived from once-living matter), waste materials and byproducts from harvest and crop-processing, represent a growing part of the world's energy balance. Waste reduction is another way to "produce" energy, since wasted food (with its high energy content) is lost energy. Renewable fuels and advanced waste-reducing agricultural technologies are thus both "agri" and "energy" issues.

AFRICAN LEADERSHIP FORUM -- Former President Jimmy Carter (right) shares a coffee break with AER executive director Nicholas Hollis (center) and G. A. Kukoyi (left) of AER-Nigeria following talks with General Olusegun Obasanjo (recently elected President of Nigeria) on African food security issues.


  • to establish a more regularized exchange of agricultural-food development information and technology between the industrialized/agricultural "producer" nations, the energy-rich/developing nations, and the poorer/developing nations with future "breadbasket" potential;
  • to explore "food systems" approaches by which energy and agribusiness companies can cooperate more effectively with local private sectors and governments of energy-rich countries in stimulating trade and mutually beneficial resource development with enlightened technology transfer;
  • to increase awareness of agriculture's vital importance to a healthy world economy through creative problem-solving and cooperative economic development;
  • to establish a framework through ongoing working subunits, enabling food and energy corporate executives to interact with government officials and research foundation leaders in pursuit of more efficient agricultural development, highlighting the positive role of the private enterprise system;
  • to stimulate trade and opportunities for joint cooperation in agricultural projects, including barter arrangements for energy in exchange for agricultural goods or technology;
  • to build a new consensus among interested government and private sector entities to realize the cooperative potentials inherent in AER's "food systems" approach toward pragmatic, balanced economic development between North and South; and
  • to explore methods by which indigenous and renewable energy sources can be developed in the poorer, developing countries.

The Need
Addressing agriculture and energy issues together reflects a single, critical agenda of interdependent global issues which require the cooperation of all countries and all sectors. AER dialogue on food/energy issues, developed around ideals of interdependence and global responsibility, is sustained by "action" programs stressing mutual self-interest an commercial reciprocity. The dialogue is productive and sustained because it convenes not only the energy and food-surplus countries, but also the public and private sectors. The latter group - business - has been a missing component of earlier efforts.

CHINESE SPONSORSHIP -- U.S. Senator Jennings Randolph presents AER membership certificate to Dr. Chen Xing of Henan Province/People's Republic of China while U.N. World Food Programme executive James Ingram applauds.

AER's role is that of a "catalyst," to encourage cooperative interaction between these groups - private, public, agriculture and energy. Only through regularized, ongoing activities in a positive and informal atmosphere can action-producing dialogue be sparked. AER's secretariat and ongoing task force activities assure follow-up.

Programs and services include:

(1) The Annual Conference is one of the most effective programs. Since 1980, these three-day meetings have brought together increasing numbers of public and private sector leaders from a wide range of countries. The structure of these forums provides maximum opportunity for information exchange and contact development through panel discussions and workshops on business and technical "agri-energy" themes in trade, investment and finance. Special country workshops and high-level, keynote policy addresses round-out the conference.

(2) Task Forces, meeting within the annual and regional conferences, maintain regular communications on specific subjects. They include: Food Processing, Storage and Distribution, Energy and Natural Resources; International Finance, Technology Transfer and Management, and New Food and Energy Technologies.

(3) Special Issue Briefings and Reports on specific subjects (i.e., The Administration and Private Sector Participation, Barter-Countertrade, International Finance and Agricultural Development) keep AER participants current on breaking trends in agribusiness and energy development. Members also receive publications and newsletters describing AER activities and upcoming events.

(4) Business Development Missions are a highlight of the AER's program. Delegates visit "target" countries for high-level public/private sector meetings and take part in seminars structured to provide maximum contact development opportunities. Missions have journeyed to Saudi Arabia and Southeast Asia for onsite workshops, and then traveled to Hawaii for a Pacific Basin Regional Roundtable; and visited the People's Republic of China. Mission target countries include Poland, the Baltic States, Nigeria, and South Africa.

(5) The Project Development Group identifies project potentials and financing sources for "sponsor" and "contributor" companies. It helps members to create an efficient marketing operation, find and train workers, and exhibit the latest technologies through national agricultural centers, exhibitions, and workshops. In the barter/countertrade arena, the AER project development network assists introduction and transaction match-ups through the Agri-Barter Bank and follow-up activities of its subcommittee on barter/countertrade.

STATUTE SIGNING -- Formation conference delegates from Bydgoszcz for the Polish Agribusiness Council (PL/ABC) take a break from Warsaw deliberations. Statutes were later signed by more than 40 participants and ratified by Polish courts.

AER members receive regular publications from conferences, newsletters and information bulletins on developments in agricultural/energy issues, along with periodic reports on special interest subjects. The AER network acts as an information clearinghouse providing data services and building linkages between companies, international organizations and governments interested in working together toward the goals of cooperative food/energy development. 

SPONSOR SALUTE -- The legendary Robert O. Anderson (right), chairman of Atlantic Richfield Company and Diamond A. Cattle Company, shares a light moment with AER executive director Nick Hollis during the fourth International Agriculture Forum in Geneva, Switzerland.

How is "AER" financed?
AER programs and publications are financed primarily by foundations, corporate agribusiness and energy firms, and individuals interested in the organization's objectives and a strengthened private sector participation in the ongoing process.

Who is involved?
AER's sponsors, board and committees reflect a high-level international association of concerned individuals interested in developing the ongoing constituency and action-agenda for balanced, world agricultural and related energy development.

What's in it for you?
Unique in its "food systems" approach (bringing together representatives of different sectors of the food chain from "field to fork"), AER provides a catalyst for business development. Recognizing that successful international ventures require trust through contact continuity and a sustained communications effort, AER's solid record and established identity provides a valuable framework and forum for you and your company.

Participating firms and organizations derive useful ideas and information utilizing AER as a "window"  on world competition, technology and emerging issues affecting ag/energy sectors and markets. Working with the AER secretariat, members benefit from follow-up programs, including regional workshops and business development missions. On a different level, AER's networking efforts generate public relations benefits among varied peoples and cultures which are invaluable in the search for economic peacekeeping.

CONFERRING WITH GUSTAVO - Nicholas Hollis speaking with Gustavo de los Reyes D, then president of King Ranch/Venezuela and a legendary cattleman, who defied Cuba's Fidel Castro, Gustavo led several important AER trade/ investment missions and is the longest serving member of the AER board.

How can you get involved?
While the AER activities are open to all interested organizations and individuals who share the ag/energy objectives, participation in business development missions and briefings is offered on a "first-come, first-served" basis with priority given to sponsors and contributors.

In addition, sponsor/contributor companies may nominate executives to the various AER committees and task forces, receive first consideration in speaker placement for conferences and meetings, as well as other special benefits.

You can support AER's international outreach through a contribution and join the increasing number of supporters investing in this dynamic private sector effort to build food/energy security in an interdependent world.

UNITED NATIONS VISIT -- AER non governmental status provides access to global leaders and issues.  Nick Hollis (left),  H. E. Ambassador Ahmed Kamal (Pakistan) in center, Jean Gazarian of UNITAR (far right), and Dr. Eduarado Doryan World Bank.

Agri-Energy Roundtable
P.O. Box 5565
Washington DC 20016
Tel: (202) 296-4563